BEIRUT — Egypt’s fleet of navy plane are capable of share information and coordinate exercise regardless of their combined origins, due to a regionally made command heart, in accordance with an Egyptian armed forces skilled.
It’s uncommon to witness an air power flying fighter jets and helicopters of various origins, however Egypt operates plane from Russia, China, america and European nations.
“On the subject of the Egyptian Air Power particularly, it’s positively not attainable for [American-made] E-2C Hawkeye 2000 early warning plane in service, for instance, to direct the [Russian-made] MiG-29 fighters and change information with them, as is the case with the [American-made] F-16 and [French-made] Rafale fighters,” stated Mohamed al-Kenany, a navy affairs researcher and protection analyst on the Arab Discussion board for Analyzing Iranian Insurance policies in Cairo.
“Nevertheless, information is being shared between the different-origin plane by means of the command-and-control facilities which can be geared up with devoted programs able to linking the assorted radar, plane, sensors, reconnaissance and digital warfare programs, and integrating all the data and information they obtain right into a unified system named RISC2.”
The Radar Integration and Surveillance Command Middle was made by the Egyptian navy’s Analysis and Growth Division; Benha Electronics, which is affiliated with the Ministry of Navy Manufacturing; the Navy Technical Faculty; and the Egyptian Air Power.
RISC2 was launched throughout the 2018 Egypt Defence Expo and is supposed to automate control-and-command duties. The platform is provided with instruments for flight planning, management programs for radars and varied monitoring sensors (together with fashions from america, Russia, China, France, Britain and Egypt), an automated flight-tracking system, a community administration system, and cybersecurity.
Al-Kenany stated along with linking plane, the system permits the navy’s land and sea fight platforms to share information.
“This method allows the dynamic change of built-in information with varied command-and-control facilities, with the subsequent era of cyber safety programs and firewalls … in addition to the Egyptian surface-to-air missile command heart to research and assess the dangers and air threats, and [determine] the kind of air protection programs wanted to cope with these threats,” he added.
He hasn’t noticed any issues with Egypt’s air protection programs differentiating enemy plane from pleasant ones. “The varied varieties of IFF [identification friend or foe systems] produced by totally different firms for Egypt’s armed forces are designed to be suitable with all of the programs and gear operational within the nation, and therefore figuring out their particular frequencies and codes as pleasant, which prevents pleasant fires,” he defined.
To beat delays in information sharing, the Air Power appeared to the Rafale “to hyperlink plane of various origins throughout the flight, since it’s geared up not solely with Hyperlink 16 information hyperlinks but in addition with different options for non-NATO international locations to function in built-in operational [environments] with all platforms and with pleasant fight property, and airborne command and management, which permits it to function in concord with trendy Russian fighters working for the Egyptian Air Power,” al-Kenany defined.
He additionally pointed to Egypt’s TIBA-1 communications satellite tv for pc, which was launched onboard an Ariane 5 rocket in November 2019 for presidency communications and navy functions. He stated the satellite tv for pc will facilitate information sharing between Air Power fighters and helicopter of various origins.
What’s Egypt flying?
When it comes to Western programs, the Egyptian Air Power at the moment operates 24 Rafale fighter jets (and needs to double that quantity), 20 F-16 Block 52 fighters, 10 AH-64D Apache Longbow helicopters (with plans to double its stock), 115 Mirage 2000 jets, and eight early warning E-2C Hawkeye planes.
From the East, the service operates 46 MiG-29M fighter jets, 46 Ka-52 Alligator armed reconnaissance helicopters, and an unknown variety of Mi-24 fight multirole helicopters, which first appeared in Egyptian service in 2018. The Air Power additionally ordered 24 Su-35S Tremendous Flanker jets however has solely acquired 5 to date, in accordance with Russian media.
Egypt turned to Russia after the U.S. didn’t approve its request to amass roughly two dozen F-35 fighter jets, an Egyptian navy official advised The Related Press in 2019. The Russian deal for Su-35s was meant to diversify Egypt’s weapon suppliers as a result of the U.S. has beforehand stopped navy help over human rights issues, stated one other official.
“Transferring to diversify sources of navy gear and particularly fighter jets is a direct consequence to embargos from particular international locations, or monopoly of expertise and refraining from expertise switch,” Lebanese Member of Parliament Wehbe Katicha, a retired Military basic, advised Protection Information.
However the combined fleet hasn’t considerably impacted coaching between Egypt and NATO members, al-Kenany stated.
“Drills have been happening as scheduled between Egypt and NATO international locations, however it’s value noting that I’ve by no means observed a Russian plane within the drills with Western international locations, or a Western plane within the drill with Russia. The one exception to this was the presence of Ka-52 with the mistral trainings.”
Samy Magdy of The Related Press contributed to this report.